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The Acid Mantel & Skincare The Ph of your skin care matters

The skin has an acid mantel- which forms a vital skin barrier function. Think of acid as sourness – like lemons or vinegar, which are acidic. Generally, our skin ph sits around ph 4.7 – 5, but it varies between individuals and skin colour and increases as we age.

Our ph is more neutral inside our bodies – around 7.1 (neutral is 7). And the very outer layer is the most acidic part of our body. This acid environment helps create a protective coating.

Maintaining the skin’s acidity helps protect against infection and is integral to the barrier. For example, a less acid environment (the ph is higher) is found in skin conditions such as acne, rosacea, and eczema. So maintaining skin sourness is critical.

What creates the acid mantel?

Skin acidity and hydration and an intact skin barrier depend on filaggrin protein. In the skin, filaggrin breaks down into products called natural moisturising factors. Unfortunately, Filaggrin breakdown products are also acidic and contribute to the acid mantel of your skin. Moisture retention and skin health are determined mainly by how much water your skin retains. (not how much moisturiser you put on).

Skin barrier function, hydration and acidity are maintained by NMFs (Natural Moisturising Factors) produced by Filaggrin.

As a result, filaggrin is essential for skin health. Unfortunately, people with eczema do not produce sufficient filaggrin making them more susceptible to dry skin and infections.

Cleansing your skin raises the ph.

Washing with water (ph 7- 8.5) or soap (ph 9-10) will cause the skin to be temporarily less acidic. However, the surface ph returns to normal within a couple of hours, and no harm is done (unless other factors impair your barrier).

It becomes crucial to read the labels of cleansers and products you use as if they have too high ph; it can cause sensitivity issues in your skin and further barrier impairment.

Temporarily raising the pH of the skin’s surface with water (pH 7–8.5) and soap (pH 9–10) has an effect. Within a few hours, most people are back to normal. In addition, you can improve skin barrier integrity and moisture retention by using mildly acidic products (pH 4).

Many commercial skincare products are formulated at pH levels of 6 and higher. Consumers with skin sensitivities are particularly concerned because formulations closer to neutral pH require more preservatives to maintain product safety.

Protecting your acid mantel protects your skin.

After washing, applying a gentle acid to your skin will likely improve the skin barrier and moisture. Our Gentle cleansing wash has a ph of 4.7.

What is the acid mantel?

The acid mantel causes sourness on the surface of your skin. The acid mantel is not a covering or a layer; it is a natural gradient that gradually becomes more acidic as it approaches the skin’s surface. The pH of the skin’s surface is approximately 5, whereas your body’s pH is around 7.4, which is closer to neutral. Therefore, for the skin to function correctly, it needs to be acidic or low pH. A lower ph prevents the growth of harmful microbes that can cause infection. Additionally, it inhibits the growth of harmful bugs such as Staphylococcus aureus, which do not thrive in acidic environments. Indeed an acidic surface enhances our natural immune function.

Protecting the ph of our skin surface helps guard against sensitivity and skin barrier problems. The quickest way to lower your skin’s acidity is to use a skin product that has too high a ph or is alkaline. However, even washing your face with water, which tends to have a neutral ph, increases the ph and temporarily puts your skin at risk of barrier disruption.

So, how does the acid mantel come into being?

Your skin cells degrade a component known as filaggrin as part of forming the stratum corneum’s super barrier. The highly acidic breakdown products cause the pH to decrease gradually, resulting in sourness on the water’s surface.

Eczema Causes skin to be less acidic.

Eczema is a skin condition caused by a defect in the production of filaggrin (the pH of the skin’s surface is higher) (less acid). This makes people with eczema more susceptible to skin infections and other skin barrier problems, such as acne.

Melanin causes the skin to be more acidic.

People with darker skin tones have a higher concentration of melanin. In addition, people with darker skin have a more acidic surface due to higher melanin levels. As a result, they have more protective barriers than their red-haired and fair-skinned sisters and more excellent resistance to sensitive skin and infection than their sisters.

Aging skin has higher ph naturally, so it becomes more susceptible to skin barrier disruption.

What Skin Products should you choose? Skin products that are naturally more acidic.

Niacinamide | Vitamin B in Skincare


Niacinamide is the physiologically active form of vitamin B3 with a host of dermatological therapeutic effects when used in a topical application. There has been a dramatic increase in research into this water-soluble antioxidant in recent years because of its wide-ranging benefits. Depending on its concentration, Niacinamide has antimicrobial, anti-inflammatory, photo-protective and anti-pigmentation properties, and it can regulate sebum production. In addition, Niacinamide is well tolerated, readily absorbed from a range of vehicles, and demonstrates excellent skin compatibility. However, although many studies have proven its benefits, its mechanism of action in alleviating skin diseases or controlling skin aging and pigmentation is poorly understood. In addition, it is unclear whether the efficacy of nicotinamide is its direct or indirect effect acting as a precursor of other active metabolites.

Barrier enhancement effects

One of the unique benefits of Niacinamide as an ingredient is that it enhances barrier function. Niacinamide may improve the skin barrier function in two ways: first, by its ability to upregulate the synthesis of ceramides and other stratum corneum intercellular lipids, and second, by stimulating keratinocyte differentiation. Ceramides and other intercellular SC lipids play a central role in the structural and functional integrity of the epidermal barrier function. A decrease in ceramides has been reported in photoaged and acneic skin. Thus Niacinamide can be beneficial for these skin conditions. In addition, Niacinamide increases the production of proteins such as keratin, involucrin and filaggrin, essential factors in the formation and maintenance of the cornified envelope (or outermost layer of the skin).

Prevention of Glycation

Niacinamide inhibits protein glycation, effectively reducing the deposition of cross-linked collagen and elastin molecules in the skin. Cross-linked collagen and elastin molecules are stiff and rigid, resulting in altered viscoelastic properties of the skin. Skin sallowness seen in actinically damaged skin is believed to result from glycated cross-linked yellow-brown proteins that accumulate in the skin after sun exposure.

Niacinamide for the treatment of hyperpigmentation

Niacinamide inhibits the transfer of melanosomes (pigment packages) from the melanocytes (pigment-making cells) to the surrounding keratinocytes (the dead skin cells on the outermost layer of the skin). This results in a brightening effect and a more even skin tone. For example, one study showed that 5% niacinamide moisturizer provided 35–68 per cent inhibition of melanosome transfer from melanocytes to keratinocytes.

Photo-protective Properties

Through its antioxidant capabilities, Niacinamide inhibits oxidative processes, such as protein oxidation, glycation, and the Maillard reaction, which produces Amadori products. As a result, Amadori products are yellowish-brown and accumulate in skin matrix components, like collagen, in response to oxidative stress as we age.

Regulation of Sebaceous Lipids and Acne by Niacinamide

Along with its anti-inflammatory effects, Niacinamide has been shown to reduce triglyceride production in the skin. It is now known that triglycerides represent by far the most significant proportion of sebaceous gland lipids. This has important implications for acne pathogeneses, making Niacinamide a fantastic ingredient to help combat acne.

Redness and Blotchiness

The mechanism by which redness/blotchiness is improved may be related to the improved skin barrier function for the above reasons.50,60,61 Increased barrier function may mean less irritation and redness when the skin encounters environmental insults, such as detergents and soaps, and hence less skin reddening. However, this theory has not been substantiated.

Wrinkles and lines

The development of wrinkles results from decreased epidermal cell layers and dermal components from reduced protein and collagen synthesis. Niacinamide may have the ability to increase dermal collagen and protein production. One study found that in aging cells, it was possible to prove that Niacinamide stimulated collagen synthesis and the epidermal proteins keratin, fillagrin, and involucrin. In addition, another study showed Niacinamide’s ability to increase dermal matrix collagen production.


Niacinamide is exceptionally well tolerated and has many beneficial effects on the skin. It is a fantastic ingredient for photoaged and inflammatory skin conditions and can help to regulate sebum production in oily skin individuals.


  1. Boo, Y. C. (2021). Mechanistic basis and clinical evidence for the applications of nicotinamide (Niacinamide) to control skin aging and pigmentation. Antioxidants, 10(8), 1315.
  2. Farris, P. (2015). The anti-ageing effects of Niacinamide. Dermatology Times.
  3. Levin, J., & Momin, S. B. (2010). How much do we really know about our favourite cosmeceutical ingredients? The Journal of Clinical and Aesthetic Dermatology, 3(2), 22-41.
  4. Matts, P. J., Oblong, J. E., & Bisset, D. L. (2002). A review of the range of effects of Niacinamide in human skin. IFSCC Magazine, 5(4), 285-289.
  5. Wohlrab, J., & Kreft, D. (2014). Niacinamide – mechanisms of action and its topical use in dermatology. Skin Pharmacology and Physiology , 27(6), 311-315.
  6. Bissett DL, Oblong JE, Berge CA. Niacinamide: A B vitamin that improves aging facial skin appearance. Dermatol Surg. 2005 Jul;31(7 Pt 2):860-5; discussion 865. doi: 10.1111/j.1524-4725.2005.31732. PMID: 16029679.
  7. Navarrete-Solís J, Castanedo-Cázares JP, Torres-Álvarez B, Oros-Ovalle C, Fuentes-Ahumada C, González FJ, Martínez-Ramírez JD, Moncada B. A Double-Blind, Randomized Clinical Trial of Niacinamide 4% versus Hydroquinone 4% in the Treatment of Melasma. Dermatol Res Pract. 2011;2011:379173. doi: 10.1155/2011/379173. Epub 2011 Jul 21. PMID: 21822427; PMCID: PMC3142702.

Hyaluronic Acid for Skin Moisturising

Hyaluronic Acid & Antioxidants

Multi-action antioxidant cream maintains vitality for the face, neck and décolletage. Improve healing. It improves firmness and elasticity while reducing fine lines and wrinkles.

Dermatologically and clinically tested on sensitive skin.

Consists of a Combination of Hyaluronic Acids

Hyaluronic Acid & Antioxidants

consists of a combination-molecular-weight molecular weight hyaluronic acids

  • The high molecular weight of hyaluronic acid protects the skin by restoring and preserving skin integrity.
  • Hyaluronic Acid & Antioxidantsalso slows hyaluronic acid degradation caused by free radicals, extending its beneficial action on the skin.
  • It protects against free radicals that cause oxidative stress and premature cellular senescence (Gero-suppressant Salvia haenkei reduces cellular senescence by 50% 1.)
  • Because of its unique properties, the low molecular weight aids in maintaining optimal skin hydration.

How Do Hyaluronic Acid & Antioxidants Work?

  • Hyaluronic Acid & Antioxidants protects the skin from premature ageing caused by oxidative stress (pollution, excess exposure to UV rays, poor diet, smoking etc.).
  • Hyaluronic Acid & Antioxidants restores the protective barrier of sensitive and stressed skin that has become irritated and red due to oxidative stress or cosmetic treatments.
  • Hyaluronic Acid & Antioxidants Improves skin quality by reducing minor wrinkles and loss of firmness and elasticity.

Book Online or Call 07 3350 5447 for a free consultation with one of our Therapists or Doctors


GliSODin®- A Powerful Nutraceutical that Fights Inflammation and Ageing.

A growing body of evidence indicates skin ageing is driven by pro-inflammatory substances produced by the body’s innate immune system. This phenomenon is known as Inflammageing, which refers to a chronic, low-grade inflammation associated with ageing.

Inflammation is a normal pathological process mainly involving defensive reactions of living tissues in response to the stimulation of various damage factors. Inflammation can stem from unprotected UV exposure, acne, wounds, pathogens, diet, stress, gut dysbiosis, and pollution – to name a few. Studies have found that these varieties of inflammatory factors directly induce reactive oxygen species (ROS – commonly known as free radicals) formation. These  ROS cannot only promote skin ageing in the form of pigmentation, wrinkling, sagging, laxity and skin thinning, but they can also damage the DNA in any cell in the body. As a result, it has been found that the skin strongly mirrors ageing in more internal human tissues.

Therapies from the perspective of inflammation regulation, namely the neutralising of inflammatory reactive oxygen species, can provide new targets for preventing and treating skin ageing and its conditions. However, treatments should be targeted at a systemic level, as all cells activate and release inflammatory mediators.

Antioxidants are well-known neutralisers of free radicals. Although, it is not as commonly known that one antioxidant molecule, such as vitamin C, can only neutralise one free radical. However, a biological enzyme known as superoxide dismutase (SOD) activates the body’s primary antioxidant enzymes at a cellular level. The antioxidant enzymes can neutralise millions of free radicles, making them an incredibly productive and essential fighter of oxidative stress which can present on the skin as wrinkling, laxity, pigmentation, sagging, and sallow appearance. Unfortunately, we produce less of this enzyme as we age.

GliSODin® is a potent nutraceutical (derived from French Melon) that activates the production of superoxide dismutase. Studies have shown that supplementation with GliSODin® had marked photodamage, skin elasticity, moisture, and wrinkling after only 90 days. This is due to the unique combination of ingredients in GliSODin®.

In addition to helping protect the skin from environmental damage and free radicals, superoxide dismutase helps rehydrate and rejuvenate skin. Furthermore, the study concluded that supplementation alongside a topical prescription vitamin A increased the results more than either product alone. GliSODin® is a powerful tool in preventing and treating inflammaging associated with skin ageing, promoting a youthful complexion, and fighting pigmentation and inflammatory skin conditions.



Fu, C., Chen, J., Lu, J., Yi, L., Tong, X., Kang, L., Pei, S., Ouyang, Y., Jiang, L., Ding, Y., Zhao, X., Li, S., Yang, Y., Huang, J., & Zeng, Q. (2020). Roles of inflammation factors in melanogenesis (Review). Molecular Medicine Reports, 21(3), 1421–1430.

Goldberg, L. D., & Crysler, C. (2014). A single-center, pilot, double-blinded, randomised, comparative, prospective clinical study to evaluate improvements in the structure and function of facial skin with tazarotene 0.1% cream alone and in combination with GliSODin(®) Skin Nutrients Advanced Anti-Aging Formula. Clinical, Cosmetic and Investigational Dermatology, 7, 139–144.

Russel-Goldman, E., & Murphy, G. F. (2020). The pathobiology of skin aging: New insights into an old dilemma. The American Journal of Pathology, 190(7), 1356-1369.

Zhuang, Y., & Lyga, J. (2014). Inflammaging in skin and other tissues – the roles of complement system and macrophage. Inflammation & Allergy Drug Targets, 13(3), 153–161.

Hifu (Emma)

Treatment Spotlight – Hifu Facial with High Intensity Focussed Ultrasound

What is a  HIFU Facial?

A High-Intensity Focused Ultrasound or HIFU facial is a non-invasive treatment used to firm and tighten facial and neck muscles, reduce fat and induce collagen synthesis resulting in a more youthful appearance and improved facial and neck contours.

Who is suitable for a HIFU Facial?

All skin types are suitable for a HIFU facial. However, results are best seen in those who notice lines and wrinkles on the neck, midface (cheeks), and forehead, with good volume still evident in the skin as this treatment, is likely to result in fat reduction. On that note, HIFU is suitable for those who may not have many lines and wrinkles but want to improve facial contours (e.g. Fat reduction or subtle tightening) under the chin or lower face.

HIFU is not the treatment of choice for lines around the mouth & chin, loose or sagging skin due to fat reduction, thinned or stretched skin, and minimal fat or volume in the area if you are unsure if you are suitable for HIFU, book online now for a FREE skin analysis.

Note: You cannot have a HIFU facial if you have metal implants, piercings or implanted electrical devices in the area, are pregnant or had recent injectable or other skin treatment (within 2-4weeks).

HIFU Facial Procedure

Treatment Specifications include number and frequency, downtime, sensations & care after a HIFU facial.

  • Treatments take from 1 – 2 hours, depending on the treatment areas.
  • Hifu facial is performed three times per year (or every 3-4 months).
  • You will notice nil to very mild redness after the treatment, which subsides within an hour or two.
  • During treatment, you can expect to feel a pinchy ache within the muscles accompanied by a small amount of heat. However, it is a tolerable treatment.
  • It is normal to feel a dull pain or bruised sensation in the days following treatment, although there will be no signs of treatment on the skin’s surface (i.e. bruising, redness, crusting, etc.).

A HIFU facial has no – or very little – effect on the skin’s surface (e.g. discolouration or superficial pigmentation and sun damage, pores, acne & blackheads, redness or superficial capillaries). This is because it works specifically in the dermis down to the top of the muscle.

Avoid the sun, hot showers, baths and saunas, high-intensity exercise and any other heat-inducing activities for up to 48hrs after treatment. In addition, it is wise to avoid exfoliating products for up to 5 days and injectable or other skin treatments for up to 7 days after a HIFU facial treatment.

HIFU Facial Results

After 1 HIFU treatment (at least one subtle improvement in): modest improvement in the depth and length of lines and wrinkles on the forehead, cheeks and neck, slight reduction in fat under chin & jowls, subtle improvement in jawline definition, subtle brow lift

After 2 HIFU treatments four months apart: further improvement to the depth and length of lines and wrinkles, further reduction in fat under chin and jowls, further definition of the jawline and slightly raised brows, subtle tightening of facial and neck contours.

After 3 HIFU treatments four months apart: noticeable softening and reduction in depth and length of lines and wrinkles on forehead, cheeks and neck, noticeable reduction in fat under chin and jowls, noticeable improvement in jawline definition and tightening of facial and neck contours, slightly raised brows and overall more youthful appearance.

Treatments that Compliment a HIFU Facial

For faster results in a reduction of lines and wrinkles and age management with the help of our complimentary services and skincare products, or for concerns that the HIFU facial does not address, see our dermal therapists or cosmetic doctors for a FREE skin analysis.

Complimentary treatments include secret RF, Fractional C02 laser, BBL, Picocare Laser and chemical peels, to name a few. In addition, we have specialised nutrigenomic and natural supplements that will help boost collagen production, enhance skin and body healing while reducing inflammation and improve skin hydration and condition.

Call us on 07 3350 5447 for a free consultation or book online.

cooltech rooms

Treatment Spotlight – Body Sculpting with Cooltech Fat Freezing

Using CoolTech fat freezing, you can improve your body’s contours while flattening or reducing stubborn pockets of fat. Cocoon Medical was responsible for its development in Europe. Fat freezing works by crystallising fat cells in the treated area, permanently reducing fat cells. So, what exactly is this fat-freezing machine, and how does a fat-freezing treatment look?

Who is a good candidate for Cooltech?

Cooltech is suitable for anyone who has visible fat on their body and wishes to have it reduced.

  • Pregnancy is a contraindication.
  • Cooltech is not recommended for anyone sensitive to or who suffers from a disorder associated with intolerance to freezing temperatures.
  • Cellulite reduction is not possible with this treatment.

Our dermal therapists will determine your suitability for the procedure during a complimentary consultation.

The Cooltech Procedure

The number and frequency of treatments and downtime, sensations, and aftercare are all specified in the treatment specifications.

  • Each treatment lasts approximately 70 minutes.
  • Several sessions can be completed in a single day.
  • The number of treatments required is determined by the size of the affected area and the desired outcome.

Cooltech is a moderately comfortable treatment that requires no downtime and no special aftercare instructions. Following treatment, however, it is recommended that you engage in regular physical activity and consume a nutritious diet.

Cooltech’s Results

Cooltech can deliver up to a 20% reduction in fat loss in the treated area. Consequently, you may notice a smoother and flatter appearance in the area where you are most concerned. Results, on the other hand, are dependent on the individual and cannot be guaranteed.

A series of Functional Magnetic Stimulation (FMS) treatments with a Tesla Former on the muscles in or around the area will aid in reducing fat and developing muscle strength and definition in the treated area. In addition, combining treatments can help achieve a more pleasing body shape for the patient.

Please book online or call 07 33 505447 for a free consultation with one of our therapists.

Milia removal with lancet.

Milia Removal the Right Way with Our Milia Extraction Facial

Milia removal or milia extraction is a favourite treatment for our aestheticians. Not only do clients leave happy, but there is also something satisfying about clearing these pesky little lumps. Milia or whiteheads are common blemishes that are sometimes mistaken for clogged acne pores. They are tiny, hard, white bumps on the face, especially around the eyes. They are entirely harmless; however, many people seek treatment because of their aesthetic appearance. There is a right and wrong way to get rid of milia. The three main options include a milia extraction facial, exfoliating skin products such as salicylic acid and prescription vitamin A. We perform milia removal as part of our extraction facial treatments. So, how do you know if you should get a facial for milia removal or use skin products? The answer depends on what has caused the milia, how many milia you have and how long they have been present. The general rule is to avoid performing milia removal yourself to prevent skin damage. So, what causes Milia and what are your treatment options?

For a free assessment with our therapist, call 07 3350 5447 or book online.

What Causes Milia?

Milia are also called whiteheads or closed comedones. They form when a keratin plug gets trapped under the skin’s surface. They often occur spontaneously – so-called primary milia (common in babies) but can also occur in response to skin damage – then called secondary milia.

  • Primary milia appear naturally and are most commonly found on eyelids, forehead or cheeks. Just as they arise spontaneously, some will go away on their own. This resolution occurs over weeks or months, but some do not budge.
  • Secondary milia can be lifelong as they occur after damage to the skin, such as after injury, burn or excess sun exposure. They also occur after the use of heavy skincare products or creams. However, they can occur anywhere that skin is damaged and generally do not resolve spontaneously.

Three Ways to Get Rid of Milia?

First, never try to pop or squeeze milia. They are not open to the surface but are keratinised plugs of skin trapped beneath the surface, and squeezing the tiny whiteheads can cause damage to the skin. If you have a very steady hand and have only one or two, you could attempt milia extraction at home. However, if you have many and do not feel confident with a sharp lancet, come and see us for milia removal. As I mentioned at the start, our aestheticians enjoy this treatment.

    1. Sometimes an over-the-counter exfoliant such as BHA (salicylic acid), glycolic or azelaic acid will work. Because cosmetic exfoliants increase skin cell turnover, they can help milia removal by exfoliating the skin and dissolving the keratin lump. If, after six weeks, this does not resolve, then a milia extraction facial might be the way to go.
    2. Prescription retinoids are also another option before trying professional whitehead removal. You will need to see a doctor first, and you need to introduce retinoids slowly. The retinoids act in two ways, firstly increasing surface sloughing, but they also have an action to stabilise skin cell function. A vitamin A peel can also be helpful to start the exfoliation process. Be careful using these products around your eyelids. Our Doctors prescribe these, and there is a consultation fee to see them.
    3. Facial for milia extraction. If you have not had skincare success, we offer professional milia removal. We provide a free assessment with our therapists at the outset. You can book online or call us on 07 3350 5447.
    4. Facial for Milia Extraction.

      The best treatment for milia is a professional extraction facial. We pride ourselves on extracting whiteheads, blackhead removal and pore extraction facials and follow several steps to make this comfortable for you. The results of a facial for milia removal are immediate – a bonus. Our therapists use a tiny sterile needle lancet to make a small opening in the skin; then, a comedone extractor gently pushes the contents out. The milia removal is not as bad as it sounds and does not require anaesthesia. All you should feel is a tiny prick from the lancet. The milia removal can be performed along with complete facial extractions.

      [caption id="attachment_15330" align="alignleft" width="450"]Before and After Milia extraction facial. *Before and after (2) milia extraction facials.[/caption]

      Steps in our Milia Extraction Facial

          1. Double Cleanse
          2. Apply desincrustation solution to soften skin, keratin and sebum.
          3. Use a hot towel to steam the skin to help open skin pores gently.
          4. A small needle lancet is used to create an opening in the skin.
          5. Next comes the milia extraction plus the extraction of any other blemishes with an extraction tool.
          6. After pores cleansing, and blackhead and whitehead removal, we apply a soothing balm.

      Recovery and Results from Facial for Milia Extraction

      • The results of milia extraction are immediate!
      • Your skin will be reddened in areas of milia removal, which can last up to 24 hours. After treatment, this redness is mainly settled with the soothing balm or LED light.
      • The breaks in the skin seal and heal quickly, but avoid touching or applying products for 24 hours so you do not introduce infection.
      • Results are generally long-lasting. Using BHA +/- retinoids after treatment help prevents their return.

      Cost for Milia Removal

      The Cost of our Facial for milia extraction depends on how many blemishes you have, i.e. how long whitehead extractions take.

          1. Up to half-hour – $110
          2. Up to 45 minutes $165

      Other factors can cause white bumps. Unless you’re sure it’s milia, you should see your doctor.

      To Sum Up: Milia or whiteheads are a very common blemish. They occur when keratin from skin cells gets trapped under the surface. Milia are primarily cosmetic, so you can choose whether or not to treat them. If they aren’t bothering you,  you can leave them alone. However, leaving them can take months or longer to clear spontaneously. Instead of trying to pop a milium, use an over-the-counter salicylic acid or prescription retinoid product. If neither works, see a trained therapist or dermatologist to perform a facial for milia extraction. The cost of milia removal at Pearl varies between $110 and $165.

      For a free assessment with our therapist, call 07 3350 5447 or book online.


Fat Freezing vs Fat Melting | Coolsculpting vs Sculpsure

Fat freezing (Coolsculpting) and fat-melting (Sculpsure) are non-surgical treatments that aim to reduce fat. So how do they stack up? So First, let us go over the comparison: Coolsculpting vs sculpsure. For many decades liposuction provided the only option for aesthetic body contouring until the emergence of non-surgical body sculpting options. Though not comparable with liposuction, they have provided a valuable alternative to treat unwanted fat without surgery. The two main non-surgical options are fat-freezing (Coolsculpting), and fat-melting (Sculpsure) provide consistent results with no downtime.

Fat Freezing vs Fat Melting | Coolsculpting vs Sculpsure

Fat-freezing was the first non-surgical liposuction alternative, with Coolsculpting, Cooltech and Clatuu being the leading contenders. Later, fat-melting techniques like Vanquish (radiofrequency) and Sculpsure (1060 laser) became popular. However, despite newer methods on the market, fat freezing has remained the most consistent treatment option, with millions of treatments worldwide and significant research into its action. So, what are the differences between fat-freezing and fat-melting body contouring treatments, and how does Coolscupting compare with SculpSure?

Fat-freezing and fat-melting procedures have the same primary purpose: to permanently target and injure the fat cells to reduce the fat in treated areas. Coolscupting was the first fat-cooling procedure approved in America in 2011, while SculpSure was approved in 2015. However, because fat freezing has been around longer, many more studies and evidence of its efficacy exist.

Fat Freezing

Fat freezing or cryolipolysis uses cold temperatures to reduce body fat. The machine uses an applicator to suck the unwanted fat into a cup, cooling the lubricant to freezing temperatures. This causes the fat cells to freeze or crystalise, and approximately 25% of the treated fat cells undergo apoptosis (a controlled cell death). The body then mounts a response to break down and clear the treated fat cells through natural metabolic processes. The term cryolipolysis is now patented by CoolSculpting. However, all fat-freezing machines can target many body areas, the most popular being the tummy, love handles, upper arms, and inner thighs. Surrounding tissue is protected because fat is more susceptible and freezes at a higher temperature to skin and muscle. In addition, a gel pad (essentially anti-freeze gel) is applied to the skin before the applicator cup is used for added protection.

  • Fat freezing is better for people with essentially normal BMI for spot reduction of unwanted fat.
  • One to three treatments are required.
  • Results develop over 6 – 12 weeks.
  • Treatments last 30 – 70 minutes per area (depending on the fat-freezing machine).
  • Consistently provide around  25% reduction in fat in treated areas.

Fat Freezing Procedure:

During the treatment, aching, cramping, tingling, and tugging are common symptoms of Coolsculpting and Cooltech. However, these sensations fade within 5-10 minutes as the fat-freezing process cools and numbs the area.

Fat Freezing Results and Recovery

  • After treatment, there is redness and occasionally bruising. The area is massaged, and this can be pretty uncomfortable.
  • You can return to work immediately after treatment
  • There can be delayed pain response

Fat Freezing Drawbacks

Coolsculpting and Cooltech have some undesirable outcomes. For example, it can cause irregular skin indents if the treatments are not applied correctly. In addition, a delayed pain response can be associated with fat freezing (nerve pain), which is very intense and requires pain relief. There is also a rare incidence of paradoxical adipose hyperplasia associated with cryolipolysis (the fat increases in the local area rather than decreasing).

Fat Melting

Fat melting, as the name implies, uses different types of energy to raise the temperature of the fat to a point where it undergoes apoptosis. The fat cells are then cleared through the same processes as for fat freezing. The first effective treatment used radiofrequency, including the BTL Exilis and Vanquish. Another option, the Sculpsure, which uses a 1064 laser, was introduced in 2015. The Sculpsure has continued to improve with later models providing consistent fat reduction results in treated areas. Whereas the Vanquish works with a no-contact radiofrequency field, the Sculpsure is used to spot and treat areas of fat. Radiofrequency techniques last up to 12 months, whereas the Sculpsure reports permanent reduction through fat melting. So, we will focus on Sculpsure.

Sculpsure Fat Melting

  • Sculpsure is laser-based and works on men and women of various body types. However, it is still indicated for a BMI less than 30.
  • Treatment time is 25 minutes per area, but multiple areas (1-4) can be treated simultaneously.
  • Multiple treatments are required to achieve a satisfactory reduction in fat.
  • It provides a 24% reduction in fat in the area

Sculpsure Procedure

  • The SculpSure uses a device wrapped around the treated area like a belt.
  • The 1060 diode laser reaches temperatures between 42-47 degrees Celsius
  • The treatment cycle alternates between heating and cooling to protect the skin
  • During the heating phases, there may be discomfort with heat or tingling sensations. However, the procedure is generally well tolerated.

Sculpsure Results and Recovery

  • Afterwards, there may be stiffness, soreness, and even bruising.
  • Results begin to appear between 6-12 weeks.
  • Because it is a relatively new procedure, research is still ongoing on the effects on the body.

CoolSculpting vs SculpSure: Comparison Summary

The Sculpsure procedure uses a device wrapped around the treated area like a belt to heat and cool the fat. Results begin to appear between 6-12 weeks because it is a relatively new procedure research is still ongoing on the effects on the body. SculpSure sessions are usually 25 minutes long and spaced out by six weeks. Results become visible in 6-12 weeks. It suits those who lead a healthy lifestyle and wish to reduce localised fat. Initially, fat melting may cause swelling and bruising.

Fat freezing or cryolipolysis uses cold temperatures to reduce body fat. This causes the fat cells to freeze or crystallise, and approximately 25% of the treated fat cells undergo apoptosis. Fat-freezing machines can target many body areas, with the tummy, love handles and inner thighs being the most popular. CoolSculpting requires a more extended session. However, the treatment option has no downtime. Fat freezing is well-researched, and the efficacy and unexpected outcomes are well-understood.


PDO Thread Lifts Before and After

PDO Thread Lifts Target Skin Laxity.

PDO threads are the newest innovation for thread lifting. They are designed to lift and tighten skin and replace volume to sculpt a younger, refreshed look. PDO thread lifts achieve skin tightening and lifting through collagen stimulation.⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀
This is before and After PDO Threads for the turkey neck and submental (under chin) area.
At Pearl Clinic, This treatment with our Doctors takes 45min and costs $499⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀
Free consultations are available with our lady Doctors.⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀

Book online or call 07 3350 5447 for a Free Consultation with our Doctors.